sapientia journal, edition cover
Article PDF


Existentialism, Culture, Determinism, Possibilism, Development.


Culture is a critical factor in the development of a people, it is without doubt the foundation upon which a formidable socioeconomic structure necessary for development can be built. However, since the time of Weber, culture took a deterministic nomecleture, by asserting that a given set of cultural factors will give rise to a given pattern of socio-economic life. Thus, in Weber's and other cultural determinists view, certain 'traditional cultures' in most Third World Countries are negative and as such contributed to economic backwardness and poverty. This work rejects this view and argues for cultural possibilismin the existential tradition. We submits that culture is not static but rather dynamic through man's existential powers, who has the ability to recreate or reconstitute the world as he deems fit.

Article PDF


Ayittey, George, African Betrayed, New York: St. Martins Press,1992.
Ayittey, George, African Unchained: The Blueprint for African's Future, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Balogun, O. A., Philosophy in an African Culture: A Light in the Darkness, An Inaugural Lecture Delivered at OlabisiOnabanjo University, on 14th October, 2014, Ago-Iwoye: OOU Press, 2014.
Fadahunsi, Ayo, “The Social Foundation of Philosophical Development”, Babcock Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 2002.
Fadahunsi, Ayo (Ed), Philosophy and Society: An Introduction for Beginners, Ibadan: Hope Publications, 1999.
Hamilton, Hamish, “Cultural Explanations: The Man in the Badhdad Cape”. The Economist, 1996.
Hegel, F. G. W., Hegel's Philosophy of Rights, translated with note by T. M. Knox, New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Momoh, C. S. (Ed),The Substance of African Philosophy, 2nd ed., Auchi: African Philosophy Projects' Publications, 2000.
Ndubuisi, Friday, Freedom and Determinism: An Inquiry into Man's Moral Responsibility, Lagos: Foresight Press, 2006.
Nkruma, Kwame, Consciencism, Philosophy and Ideology for Decolonization, London: Monthly Review Press, 1970.
Oguejiofor, J. O., Philosophy and the African Predicament, Ibadan: Hope Publication, 2001.
Ogundowole, E. Kolawole, Philosophy and Society, Lagos: Correct, 2004.
Oladipo, Olusegun, “Philosophy and Culture” in Ayo Fadahunsi (Ed.) Philosophy and Society: An Introduction for Bignners, Ibadan: Hope Publications, 1999.
Sodipo, J. Olubi, Philosophy and Culture, Ile-Ife: University of Ife Press, 1973.
Tatham, George, “Environmentalism and Possibilism” in Griffith Taylor (Ed), Geography in the Twentieth Century, London: Butler and Tanner, 1951.
Taylor, E. B., Primitative Culture, John Murray.1872.
Falaiye, Muyiwa& Grayson, Sandra, Sparks of Resistences, Flames of Change: Black Communities and Activism, Lagos: Foresight Press, 2005.
Unah, Jim (Ed), Metaphysics, Phenomenology and African Philosophy, Ibadan: Hope Publishers, 1996.
Unah, Jim, Heideqqer'sExietentialism: An Essay on Applied Ontology, Lagos: Panaf Press, 1996.